India - The Land of Music

India - The Land of Music

India is known all over the world for its rich cultural and traditional values. It is rich with immense treasure of music in all forms and this goes unsaid. The main factor is the Classical form of music and this surely helps in branding India worldwide. Indian classical music, generally it’s based on two major traditions.  The North Indian classical music tradition is referred to as Hindustani, while the South Indian tradition is called as Carnatic. Let me give the small introduction to both Carnatic music and Hindustani music. It has been passed from one to another through the Parampara of Guru-Shishya.

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Carnatic music with unique ragas proves to be medicines to cure various ailments without any side effects. Carnatic music performed by a small ensemble of musicians. It consists usually of a vocalist, a violin, a mridangam, a tambura, which acts as a drone throughout the performance. Some other instruments used in performance are ghatam, kanjira, morsing, venu flute, veena and chitra veena. Some simple elements of Carnatic music are Sruthi, Raga system, tala, Swara system. 

The most prominent instrument of Carnatic music is the tanpura is a long-necked plucked string instrument.  Sarasvati veena is an Indian plucked string instrument. It is named after the Hindu goddess Saraswati, venu is ancient transverse flutes of Indian classical music. It is typically made from bamboo. mridangam is a percussion instrument of ancient origin. It is the most important rhythmic accompaniment in Carnatic music. Ghaṭam is an instrument used in various cases like kanjira, khanjiri or ganjira, a South Indian frame drum, is an instrument of the tambourine family. morsing is similar to the Jew's harp.  The violin, also referred to sometimes as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument.

Hindustani music comes from the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent. Unlike Carnatic music, Hindustani music greatly influenced by Persian and Islamic cultures and is more prominent in North India. The tradition of Hindustani music goes back to Sufi age. The melodic pattern of it is commonly brought in with use of Ragas known as Aaroha and Avaroha. The main styles or elements of vocal Hindustani classical music are Dhrupad, Khayal, Tarana, Tappa, Thumri, Ghazal.

The most prominent instruments of Hindustani music are the sitar, sarod, sarangi (a bowed fiddle), shehnai (an oboelike wind instrument), Tabla (a set of two drums played by one musician, the right-hand drum carefully tuned), and tambura.

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Therapy with music as medicine sounds stunning but it’s actually true. Each raga emits a particular emotion which in turn helps in curing certain ailments and severe disease. Classical music has granted selflessly to Indians. It has to be graciously acquired to gain the optimal happiness from the same nectar. Great pioneers have devised and helped the younger generations learn this art of music in varied formats and with the technological development online trainings on carnatic music has really granted us audio gurus. Let’s never forget this culture and tradition of Indian Lords and sages and their works. Let's learn or help learn the art of classical music along with the western beats.